Back in March I did a post about Isaiah but did not articulate fully a comparison of his writings to those in both Amos and Hosea so here is a supplemental piece to further enhance that learning:
The original post can be found here: http://www.tiaraedwarrior.org/2017/03/03/whats-that-you-say/
Looking in more depth at the prophets Amos, and Hosea to compare their messages to Isaiah:
More about Amos
Amos was written first who focused on oracles against the nations. It has an introduction written in the third person and discusses the kings of the Israelite nations similar to both Isaiah and Hosea in style. It differs by using a very precise date noted as happening prior to a major earthquake. (Amos 1:1-2) Another style of Amos is the characteristic of an angry God. Amos makes it clear God is not happy with nations who harm Israel but also turns God’s wrath on the people of Judah and Israel specifically the wealthy as referenced in Amos 4:1-3. And because they have sinned so disgracefully they can’t repent and must face their consequences. He rebuffs the people’s belief that God will come and protect them by instead stating that if God comes it will only be to punish as they were unfaithful which has earned them God’s wrath and nothing else. (Amos 5:18) The book of Amos also has a series of oracles five deal with what God will do based on the Israelites behaviors in the first two God relents, in three and four God punishes, in five the leaders get punished, and in the last peace and prosperity return which is why this was most likely added to Amos as a revision later because the rest of the book is too much doom and destruction.
Isaiah sounds a lot like Amos in his criticism of religious practices not being in line with issues of social justice and that could be because he was most likely influenced by Amos. Isaiah is calling out the leadership in Jerusalem and not those in the northern Kingdoms of Israel and Samaria which is the main difference to Amos.
More about Hosea
The book of Hosea was written after the prophet died and is broken into two relatable parts. Chapters 1-3 discuss Hosea’s marriage to Gomer, a woman who worshiped other gods than Yahweh which is why she is called a prostitute. Arguably, only her first-born son is attributed in the text as being Hosea’s child so some believe she was unfaithful in marriage also. Of course, this is a theory trying to explain a story written for an audience a long time ago and not us. Known as the first prophet to make examples of his family life Isaiah would copy him in Isaiah 7-8. The second part of the book Chapter 4-11 is a collection of oracles discussing disasters and salvation.
Isaiah might have been familiar with Hosea since they both use the harlot/prostitute metaphor but again was instead applying his teachings to the people living in Judah.
Isaiah differs from both Amos and Hosea in that the writings do not utilize the Exodus Mosaic teachings and the Covenant code but instead focuses on David’s rule.